Cervical Spondylosis

    Cervical Spondylosis

    The natural wearing down of cartilage, disks, ligaments and bones in your neck is known as cervical spondylosis. The most common symptoms are pain in the neck or stiffness. First to be tried approaches include physiotherapy, ice or heat massage, soft collars or drugs. Injections or surgery or used to treat severe cases like herniated disk, bone spurs or pinched nerves.

    What do you understand by the term cervical spondylosis?

    Cervical spondylosis is the common term given to age related wear and tear of the cervical spine. This can result in neck pain, neck stiffness and other symptoms also. This condition is sometimes also called arthritis or osteoarthritis of the neck.

    How common cervical spondylosis occurs?

    Changes in the spine because of age are considered normal. The wearing process down the spine probably starts in the 30s. By the time people reach the age of 60, 9 in 10 people suffer from cervical spondylosis.

    Who is most prone at getting cervical spondylosis?

    Older age is one of the factors for cervical spondylosis. Other People that are at high risk of getting a neck Problems are:

    • Still smoke cigarettes or they did it earlier
    • One or more members in their family have such condition
    • Giving strain on the neck for long hours in a day because of the job, e.g. painters, plumbers or working professionals
    • Earlier suffered from a neck injury
    • Lifting of heavy weight like construction workers
    • Have to experience a lot of vibration like drivers

    What are the reasons for cervical spondylosis?

    As the age increases, the spine goes through changes because of the normal wear tear in the spine from past so many years. In a person’s middle age, the disks between the vertebrae begin to change. The changes can be of various types. Some of them are:

    • Degeneration: There is a possibility of eventually wearing down spinal desks in the neck. As the time goes, there is thinning of the disks and the soft tissues lose its elasticity. It is not normal collapsing or setting of the disk if anyone measures a little shorter in height than they did a few years ago.
    • Herniation: Part of spinal disks’ tear or crack can be attributed to normal ageing. It can result in the disk to bulge out, pressing on the tissues that are nearby or a spinal nerve. Pain, tingling or numbness can be caused by this pressure.
    • Osteoarthritis: It is an ongoing condition which leads to cartilage in joints to wear down as the time passes. In case of osteoarthritis, cartilage wears down than in normal ageing.
    • Bone spurs: In the situation where cartilage in the joints of vertebrae in spine begins to wear down, and bone tissue rubs directly against other bone tissue, abnormal bone growths develop along the edges of vertebrae. As you age, these growths called osteophytes or bone spurs are common. Usually these cause no symptoms.

    What are the symptoms seen in patients of cervical spondylosis?

    There is a possibility that a person is suffering from cervical spondylosis and he is not even aware of it. It’s very common that there are no symptoms in a patient. Yet, some common symptoms are:

    • Main symptom is neck pain or stiffness. When moving, pain may get worse.
    • Irritating stinging feeling in the neck.
    • Spasm in muscles.
    • Dizziness.
    • Headaches.
    • Sound of clicking, popping or grinding when a person moves his neck.

    PhysioTherapy for the treatment of cervical spondylosis

    • Massage: A variety of techniques are used in it. Sufficient pressure is used through the superficial tissue to reach the deep lying structure. It can be used to increase blood flow, reduction in swelling, decrease muscle spasm and promote normal repairing of tissues.
    • Mobilization: It is a manual technique. Here, the physiotherapist slowly moves the joints and soft tissues to restore their normal age, lubricate joint surfaces and relieve pain.
    • Manipulation: In this, a high speed, short movement pressure is provided at the end of available range. It is used for the breaking of fixings, removal of blockage within a joint and bringing back full painless movement. Patients can feel a click or noise during this treatment.
    • Ultrasonic therapy: Here, sound waves are transmitted through the tissues. It stimulates the chemical reactions in the body and thus a healing process.
    • Interferential therapy: Small electric currents are introduced into the tissues. Different frequencies can be used for different treatment effects.  



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